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It warms my heart having seen nearly every Robot Hearter do their part and mooping the dancefloor under the scorching midmorning sun. Their infinite generosity with both champagne and water at sunrise is well known. As for getting on the bus? Having spent a few hours volunteering to help on door duty, I can attest a toxic attitude is the only thing turning people away at the door.

Robot heart blares loud atonal noise. The fact so many people hate it shows how awful it and the djs are. In particular, I applaud the changes to the pre-sale. Now everybody is on more or less equal footing at 2 apiece. So, Marian reached out to me with a little more information in reply to this comment that makes me more confident problem camps will face more pressure.

To wit:. The reduction is related to severity of the infraction. Suggestion: close the airport and do not let people fly into Burning Man. Terrible idea. Many people who arrive by airplane bring nothing to offer. They are there only to spectate and take. Other than closing the airport, how would you propose weeding them out. Perhaps they should have to wait in line at gate like everyone else, rather than getting royal treatment directly into the city.

I met amazing pilots last year that gifted a flight in their cessna. It was one of the most beautiful moments of my burn and it was given authentically as a gift. More so than many of the stickers or patches I received because of intent, not magnitude. They slept in a tent under their plane. I met them doing spontaneous moonlight yoga on a work of art. How is any of that taking? All of that is 10 Principles. Also one of our art support crew found out 3 months before the burn that his wife was pregnant.

The airport enabled him to drive out with us, do a week of setup and then part of the burn and then fly home to support her. That is magical and a gift in itself. He was completely self-reliant both independently and because he was part of the community willing to execute his arrangements. The airport helped him give the gift of art even if he was not going to be there to see the man burn.

And he was our ace in a particular specialty so I have so much gratitude for the airport. Eliminate the airport and you eliminate these wonderful and moral by the principles stories and simply add a lot more cars to the burn and more money thrown at problems having the right burner could solve. The airport helps take the strain off of local highways and the small towns through which burners arrive in Black Rock City. That could mean more RVs, in addition to more cars. Has anyone considered expanding the Burner Express to include using a passenger train like Amtrak?

Does anyone know where those tracks run to and from. What city could someone board the train in, that also has a major airport they could fly in and out of? And then the same people that say ban the airport and make everyone wait in line st the gate will be bitching about how long it took to get in the gate and out for exodus, giving the gate staff attitude, and then posting about how the gate should be run better.

My Professional Organizing Story: How I Became a Home Organizer

Very exciting that more techniques are being applied to influence these outcomes. At the same time, I hope that we will all strive to remember that most of the people who are making these unsatisfactory decisions will be happy to do a better job, and we can each play a role in making the case, both by having fun and by being patient.

And when I say coffee, I mean coffee. Not an ice latte half caf half decaf cappucino mochiatto delivered in a soon to be disposed of cup. If you NEED specialty items, bring them. Radical self-reliance, right? Maybe it was mourning Larry? Maybe I just picked a bad time. I think you are on to something. Just coffee and tea, not Starbucks. I saw long lines to get drinks, but not many people staying and hanging out.

I also noticed how empty Center Camp was — day after day, morning or night. Stark contrast to even 5 years ago. I worked the single espresso machine at Cafe Temps Perdu in , 3am to 7am shift. We had espresso drinks even then. I think cappuccinos are unlikely to be the real problem. This is very good news. It may be worthwhile to note again that what happens on the macro, structural level of BM translates into what happens with interpersonal interactions. This is even more true for BM in social media.

When you really have to put effort into participation you value the presence and the quality of experience of others. So thanks again, kudos and keep us posted. Marian, what a well crafted and thoughtfully delivered message. I teared up in a number of places. Thanks for showing us what leadership with integrity looks like. Exemplary job of respectfully calling the BM community to reconfirm our shared core values and what is at stake if we drift further away from them. In recent years, those of us who build interactive spaces have begun to feel like Carneys for entitled spectators who offer nothing and demand much.

Thank you for this articulate piece. This year our camp will doing much more to help support the 10 principles. We will go further to make sure our campmates are committed to the 10 principles and not just assume our campmates are fully on board. We are not inviting back people who showed an unwillingness to embrace what we hold dear about BM. We see our campmates as part of a theme camps responsibility. Thank you for addressing this important issue.

I moved my camp out towards the burbs because I feel those of us who follow the 10 principles are out there trying to maintain the old ways. I truly hope the changes work because there are monetary barriers for some burners which prevents them from attending. For those who complain about RVs, I understand. I spent 10 years in a tent before getting a travel trailer. But please realize there are burners out there who come in RVs that respect and follow the 10 principles. I felt so guilty about a generator the past several years that I am converting to solar.

My BMan story is far too long to write here, but I made 14 yrs on the playa, from until , and served in camps, picking up what blew into the trash fence, and entertaining thousands with my performance art. Then BM created an exclusive ticketing regime, designed to maximize revenue, and I could never get a ticket since, because they built a system for elitist posers. Another Coachella for LA douchebags and wanna bees. Thanks for betraying us loyal, enlightened, inclusive now ex Burners.

Robot Heart throws incredible dance parties for thousands of people each day, and they work hard to create a safe and inclusive experience for everyone on and off the bus. Campmates serve long shifts at the door throughout their burn week because their intention is to share the experience. Often more people want to get on the bus than allowed at capacity, and some get upset or feel rejected when asked to wait.

Of course if someone trying to get on is rude or entitled, or too intoxicated, the guards are not going to be enthused to let them in. And beyond that, stepping out closer to the trash fence a bit away from the music is a special experience in its own right. If there really is a problem with how an MV is behaving we want to know so we can have a discussion. You can email dmv burningman. I love the atmosphere and community at Robot Heart and always feel welcomed and loved there.

They are one of my favorite camps and the experiences I have there have been wonderful! Your adamant observation and commitment to the truth allow you to sharpen the policies for the benefit of all. So glad to read this! Since my first Burning man I was astounded by the level of human creativity and participation that I saw. Burning Man is something that is constantly evolving and has grown past an event into a cultural movement. Being a Burner stands for something and I hope that in the future the Burning Man community will be able to grow stronger and resist being tainted by wealth and consumerism.

Add more qualitative research to the Census. Encourage burners to keep in touch with their new and old burner friends throughout the year, including face to face. It takes time to turn a big ship, especially an open source one like the event, but it is better to turn than crash into an iceberg.

Our little group ? Cross your fingers for my little group to pass the ticket lottery… Beaumont, Texas needs more representation in BRC! This is great! It is nice to read about their concerns. I agree with it all. Many of us have had these concerns for years. Do you even attend the event? Those who use the event as background for their glamour photos and those mutant vehicle builders with a very negative non-burning man party attitude have doubled every year for at least 5 years now.

What I do is ignore those people but it gets harder and harder to do as the MV get bigger and louder. Finding a peaceful place to reflect and socialize with others is hard to do. I think they have a place at the event read that again before commenting that I want to get rid of MVs but perhaps allow them out on the playa every other night. Quite often they interfere with art installations with a sound element to them. ALSO; this is nice to say about tickets but how do you enforce it?

How do you prevent people from buying more than two tickets? Scalpers have figured out ways around the system and they will continue to do so. Nothing stops people from having multiple people from multiple places buy tickets for them. For the past ten years I have struggled like hell to get two tickets because I play by the rules. Theme camps often end up with many more tickets than they need. Nothing stops a member of a theme camp with guaranteed tickets also purchasing tickets in the main sale. My own camp has struggled for a long time to resist becoming a theme camp and we give to our community because it is the right thing to do not just to get guaranteed tickets.

We may lose that struggle, however, if tickets will only go to theme camps. Having said all that, the positive and good most often outweighs the negative which is why I continue and will continue to attend every year. There is room for improvement but that is life and the love-hate relationship with Burning Man. It seems as though getting two tickets will be even harder this year. I will have to start my ticket begging early. Anyone have tickets to sell?? This was written by Marian. Everyone knows she stays in SF during the event, eating bon-bons with cats on her lap while watching the live feed and laughing like The Joker.

I used to write about the commodification of the Burning Man experience. By I had had enough. No more running 24ft trucks to the playa to entertain spectators. I went back in to confirm. My burn is regional now. What really saddened my was not my situation. I had a good 10 year run that facilitated deep personal growth.

What got me was the hopelessness felt by contributors of modest means that their art would be lost in the spectacle of large scale art. Large Scale Art: If you create specticle you invite spectators. Spend that money in ways that will encourage small contributors. Sometimes, the large-scale art is the small-scale contribution of many individuals, mostly who have never held tools or built anything at all. Through the experience they learn skills, confidence and above all, become part of the art.

It is a hard process. Plus, as artists, we love spectacle, spectators and the act of creating something large, ephemeral and immediate. It is how we roll. It is how we burn. Bravo to the artist. I found the large and small pieces wonderful in their own rights. I enjoyed your answer. I hope to see your art this year. If stars align, this is to be my 13th.

Reality warning: Evolution of BM reflects unavoidable societal shifts. Those with faces buried in their cell phones in the default world may not be capable of following many of the 10 Principles. Until a certain point, BM was only cool to those who went. The age of information, and relative prosperity, has blown that up. Birds of a feather, as long as we accept new birds, and teach them. Make the most of it!

Really appreciate the time, attention, love and effort put into this. This is cultural preservation in the face of a massive multigenerational and incredibly savvy digital psychological networked reward system mind fucking. Meaning — Stop taking fucking pictures at Burning Man and posting them to Facebook or wherever. Just stop fucking doing that. Stop whoring our our culture! Just be in the moment. Just be with your friends. Stop turning your life into a point scoring game for clicks and likes and shares and temporary endorphin rushes.

The memories you make together. Both good and bad. That is what lasts. Glitter blows away. Drugs wear off. Clothes fade and crumble. But memories and relationships — if nourished, endure. I did that! Or taking a nose dive from 10, feet in the Burning Sky plane! Or having sushi at the Golden Cafe Supper Club. Get it? All of those incredible experiences came from human connection. Not fucking LED lights, or faux feather head dresses or trying to be a perfect looking human.

The history of this culture is rich, vibrant, counter cultural, and still alive. Make Burning Man cacophonous again. Fuck your Burn. Go back to the Hamptons. If you want to reign it back in you should have been listening 10 years ago! Only sell tickets to artists that are contributing art, or theme camps that release full names of all attendees, and verify they are highly engaged with the 10 principles.

Allow art cars only under under the rule that they must allow other attendees to come on board that are not with the camp. This should be enforced by bmorg staff. Ban the people,not just the brand! I can only hope that the true vision of BM continues to play out and I can be a part of it this year. Hey, sorry if covered already, but where can we read the complete 55 page report mentioned in article? Certainly these are steps in the right direction, but not necessarily aggressive enough to kill the cancer.

Heartened to see an effort to preserve the essence of the event. Thank you so much! Even since , when I first attended, the changes were alarming. I really hope the course correction will be in time and effective enough. It would break my heart to see Burning Man go the way of so many good things. To me, cell phone use on the playa seems a big part of the problem, because it tends to get people into default world mindset — thinking in social media terms, not in real ones.

I believe the intention is there, but this feels completely ineffective. Just like the many past tweaks to the ticket sale have been overall ineffective. On one hand, this dictates how one must participate -via Group Camps- to the detriment of solo mobile participants ask me about the BoomBike. People have been blaming RVs and trailers for at least 20 years. I know a number of burners that used to come in tents who now come in RVs. Better to start with narrower changes more carefully targeted at the worst problems and then gradually broaden from there if necessary.

Law Enforcement remedies do not address participant needs as prosecutors in Nevada do not typically prosecute when the perpetrator says the sex was consensual. Assuming the perpetrator can even be found — if it was a DFSA and the memory of the victim is hazy. Sexual Assault is a part of Burning Man. Like I said, I ride my bike next to and not on the thing. Almost our whole camp is consumed by these tasks at one point or another. The runs out are maybe once or twice a day, conditions permitting, including weather and mechanical concerns.

A few years ago the thing died on the drive into BRC, and was unable to drive all week… our camp spent enormous amounts of time and effort to try and get it running, even fedexing in parts!!! Even when it does go out, there are always x amount of things that are broken on it that are needing service. So adding strangers to this… uh… it might look great or glamorous in pictures, but it might just all be held together with zip ties and duct tape….

Maybe the root cause is that now mutant vehicles are purpose built as transportation means for camp mates. As someone who helped build a mutant vehicle, Tiki Island, we purposely designed it NOT to be a people carrier, instead if was an experience you found while on the Playa. You got on it to dance or hang out when you found was parked somewhere on the Playa , and then got off as we took off to another spot on the Playa… Maybe the difference between a mutant transportation vehicle and an interactive transportable experience. Why not just put a sign at the entrance to your car which clearly states — Sorry Camp XYZ playa transportation vehicle only.

That also contributes to non engagement, especially of your newer camp members who might have joined because they thought it would be great to be shuttled around. They themselves, end up missing out on the experience of random adventures which are created when you actually ride your bike or walk the Playa… So maybe that is another solution, mutant vehicles should only be granted a DMV permit, if they are designed as hop on hop off vehicles, you jump on, the vehicle rides along, comes to a stop after a while, maybe at an art piece, the temple, the trash fence, etc, empties, and then takes off empty for a few minutes, before stopping to pick up random people who want to hop on.

This system will also encourage more people walking and riding their bike on the Playa… This is how it certainly it used to be… You actually had to make a mental calculation if you wanted to hop on the art car, because that means you will end up somewhere and have to figure out how to get back…find another car to hop on or walk… In other words interact with other burners.

Lots of good ideas there. But how do you enforce them? That could result in even more hierarchical Studio 54 type choices about who can get on or off. And like I mentioned above, weather and mechanical problems can really complicate things. You never got on a tiny art car. There are converted busses that have room for Try those. Not the dune buggy golf carts. I hear what you are saying Terbo Ted, the struggle of Art Car contributors is real and often unacknowledged! Out of my last 13 years of attendance I have contributed my Art Car for the last 7 years up through I for one, had no idea how involved it was!

Every year I added, subtracted, changed, and modified my art car. The time required, along with the financial and emotional cost of all of that is just stupid crazy! Overall though, I loved the artistic contribution and I loved meeting participants from all over the world. Eventually I decided no longer allow individuals that were obnoxiously drunk or high to ride with us. I was just not willing to take on the liability of their actions.

I learned this lesson on my first year art car after having a drunk ass person jump off while I was driving and do a face-plant right into the playa! Then there were the those who tried to jump on while it was moving. It was frightening and I was not prepared to deal with such an onslaught of riders. For the following years I reduced the size of my art car to 10 people or less- so that I could more easily manage the riders.

I loved giving rides, like picking up the couple who were taking turns pushing each other across the deep playa in a wheel chair because both had physical issues. I loved giving the 5 brides a spur of the moment ride to their weddings out by the Man. I loved picking up the couple who were married the night before and stayed out all night till dawn dancing and were just too exhausted to walk home… you get it. Over the years I had so many excellent conversations with random people who I just picked up along the way. I also had some negative experiences… One of the more memorable negative ones was once after giving four random young men a ride back to their camp..

That mentality was not uncommon, though usually to a lesser degree. I also continuosly had different articles of trash left on my art car which I then became responsible for. And of course there is all kinds of damage lights, upholstery, fixtures that is done to the art car just by people getting in and out of the vehicle. People can be destructive without even meaning to be. People can also be wonderful and fabulous! Its a mixed bag and after 7 years I finally sold my art car and went without one last year!

The absence of stress was palpable and so freeing! I was so glad to no longer be under that feeling of liability and under those expectations that are placed upon the Art Car contributors by BMorg and by the community! Are you serious? That is absolutely discriminatory. Your own campers could just as well steal stuff. You could steal stuff from your fellow campers. It give you an opportunity to share your vehicle with the public at large at specific times for a 90 minute round trip from the city, out to the man, the temple and back.

Cultural Course Correcting: Black Rock City 12222

I keep expanding my personal rules in regards to the Burning Man experience. A few years ago I made a decision to never go on, up or in any structure intended to be burned. This was after getting injured inside the Lighthouse and it being so crowded there was no way to safely exit the structure in any sort of timely manner.

My new personal rule will include never riding inside an art car again. The bizarre entitlement people have in regards to wanting or demanding to go on art cars without understanding the consequences of such are maddening. Are we all supposed to share our tents and bedding now? Where do consent boundaries of personal space and property end out there? Are the use of bike locks going to be banned?

Can I share your girlfriend? Your team of hotties did well when you brain stormed that solution up! But it may help the miscommunication issues between builders who appear to be discriminatory and community members who come off as entitled or demanding both of which could just be misperceptions The green flags let everyone know which Art Cars are actually open for public service… and as an Art car owner, I loved the idea of contributing to the community in a structured and verifiable way.

The entire crew was dressed as what we think pirates or shipmates and captains should look like. At least 15 of the crew was a band, and they would moor the ship at various places, the band would leave the ship, start playing and about 10 dancers of their crew would put on choreographed dance.

Caliope camp? I meet the kindest people out there and our interactions can be 2 seconds or the entire week long. Humano has been one of my favorite camps these past years. I missed but their first year in was excellent for burgins. This is really good news. As someone who is now priced out of being an on-site BRC citizen but who in the past was a camp organizer and an art-piece creator , there is a lot of wisdom in realizing how much the ticketing process very directly affects the composition of the community.

Beautiful to hear … and such important steps in the ongoing development and evolution of the culture and community of BM … and building the culture and community that we want to live in year-round, world-wide. But then all these influencers and celebrities popped up and it became a commercial circus. Put me off from going. I missed their camp but was very impressive for burgins…. I wholeheartedly agree. Sometimes people just need a firm reminder!!

You should to set-up a system where people would submit a participation proposal and then you decide how many thickets would be sold to them in order support their proposal. And when I suggest sending your team, I mean everyone and I mean everywhere else other than the comfort zone of the US and Europe..

Get out there — way out there. And many of those involved have not ever been, or could even afford, to get to the Gerlach Regional Rodeo each August. Allowing plug and play camps, and the entitlement mentality they attract to be offset by large art and art car patronage or donations to BMP is the gateway drug. We need doers, makers, outsiders, original thinkers, mavericks and pranksters — the type that open minds, not check books.

Add more creative obstacles to getting a ticket. The acculturation questionnaire is great thinking and a good example of how BMP learned a trick from Regionals — build on that. Cacophonize the entry path to the experience by using the hype as leverage to flip the script. Thank you thank you thank you! My experience has been that the atmosphere really deteriorates in the last couple of days before the Man burn. Folks that come just for the weekend are likely not contributors.

Yeaaaaah… So indeed, Burningman may be changing, but that was either the Shark or the Squid in Very sorry you had such a negative experience on a Mutant Vehicle. One of the challenges the DMV has is that we hear about these types of incidents more as hearsay on social media than direct reports from participants. But we get relatively few complaints each year.

In fact, there are complaints about more vehicles in this thread than the DMV received this year directly, so we have to get folks to let us KNOW when there are problems, and not just assume that we are aware of them already. Basically they would go out and attempt to utilize the mutant vehicle system as intended an informal and chaotic transportation system and report back on what they find.

This is a job for old fat people like me. Marion — thank you for stepping up! Thanks for this effort. This moment in human history is one of deep conflict. Powerful interests from oil to data, are trying to rig the system for their monopoly and enjoyment, which means our displacement and misery. Burning Man needs to rig Black Rock City for equality and sustainability.

In addition to these measures, I suggest abolishing all pre-sale, extra expense tickets. Make it equally difficult, and equally random — except for the legit art projects and inclusive encampments. To raise money, so that these folks get their special buzz, have them pay lots of money for events off the playa. Galas in San Francisco where they get their picture in the society page.

Philanthropy is about doing good, right? No, it is usually about making the donor feel good. Lastly, the RVs rented on site, or even in such abundance is nuts, aesthetically offense to me , and totally polluting. Burning Man needs some carbon accounting.

Thank you Thank you for such a thoughtful and measured response to the cultural issues that have been growing over the last decade. Sadly many of the responses here include suggestions to address symptoms of a larger problem that would all have much larger unintended consequences. Ideas like closing the airport, putting names on tickets and banning RVs would all disproportionally affect ADA burners and put up additional barriers to core burners attending. I really respect how your response to these issues is holistic and not reactionary. And while music is great and has been and should continue to be part of BRC, the entitlement and non-participating culture that follows many music festivals outside of BRC has crept in and this is likely the root of our problems with PnP camps, exclusionary behavior and non-participation.

Or limiting the combined total of sound camps and DJ MVs. If you focus your attention and enforcement in this segment of the city, the problems of entitlement and their symptoms will decrease. I favor this approach over other, more global strategies like reducing the overall number of art cars. This past year my camp transitioned to a semi-trailer to save money on storage locker and truck rentals so we could redirect those funds to expendables to allow us to increase our visible appeal and run our bar for more hours fo the day.

There are indeed a greater number of sound cars. You may remember the early ones Space Cowboys and Disorient who both decided to seek Deep Playa rather than stay on Esplanade. Or may be this was previous to your time. I very sincerely do not understand your stance on Robot Heart which has now over 10 years on playa, and actually mostly in deep playa. In no uncertain words, you seem to wrap entitlement, plug n play, bad behavior, exclusionary behavior, non participation, under one finger pointing at Robot Heart as if the Fulcrum. Do you know of their many outreach at BM?

Have you ever lent them a hand in gathering the dozen of bikes left behind strewn across the playa at the end of their hours gifting music? Did you help fill any of the garbage bags they pass along to pick up moop from burners not so committed to LNT to then carry them back to their camp? I was stunned. That one hot afternoon, I was working on my artcar when I heard the smoothest of bossa nova coming my direction, looked up, ran to them to ask where they were going: there they were crawling to the gate.

Washington Monthly | The Case For Small-Business Cooperation

It apparently was not their first time, and I bet not their last one. In other words one has to go and seek them. Do not discount the amount of interactions, kinship and friendships formed either for that moment or long lasting around that sound car. Please do not mistake nor underestimate who is attracted to that music, that moment, that heart.

Nor should you draw up the profile of the active camp members. There are no sherpas nor concierges there. They each invest much sweat and participation of all kinds equity. Of course, by the same reasoning, laws that guarantee workers the right to form unions and bargain collectively are equally illegitimate, since they too allow workers to increase their income through policies that increase their negotiating power in labor markets. And indeed, attacking occupational licensing has become a staple of passionately anti-union Republicans like Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker.

Meanwhile, even as the FTC trains its fire on the organist cartel and occupational licensing requirements, it is ignoring a form of rent seeking that really does wreak havoc in the economy: corporate mergers. Decades of lax enforcement by the FTC and other federal antitrust regulators have led to levels of corporate monopoly not seen since the Gilded Age. Vertically integrated super-firms—from agribusinesses to airlines to giant tech platforms like Facebook and Google —have little need to conspire with their competitors, because they have so few competitors left.

American competition policy is, in short, upside down and inside out. Regulators and courts perversely foster ever-lower levels of competition among ever-larger corporations, allowing them to reap greater profits and share less of them with workers. At the same time, they outlaw forms of cooperation among workers, small business owners, and professionals that have historically served vital economic and social purposes.

The effects of this imbalance will only get worse as more and more of us struggle in an increasingly deregulated, de-unionized, monopolized economy that forces contingent workers into tournaments of ruinous competition with one another. Americans have faced similar challenges in the past, and used a shrewd mix of competition policies to fix them. Their purpose was to take down colluding plutocrats. Yet the final bill passed without an explicit antitrust exemption for labor, and before long a conservative Supreme Court was able to turn the Sherman Act into a powerful weapon that capitalists used to attack workers.

Almost before the ink was dry, the Sherman Act became the legal justification for shutting down a general strike in New Orleans. Meanwhile, conservative judges interpreted the Sherman Act in a way that weakened its power to combat concentrations of corporate power. Even in the landmark case that broke up John D. Populists pointed out that corporations are themselves legally sanctioned forms of market collusion. Why, then, should it be categorically illegal for individual citizens engaged in selling their labor, or their small-scale productions, or their crops, to achieve the same ends?

Why is one form of coordination called a corporation and the other a criminal cartel? Reformers finally made a big step toward fixing these flaws with the passage of the Clayton Act, which Woodrow Wilson signed into law in Over the next several decades, courts and legislators still struggled with the question of how the law should treat corporations, individual workers, farmers, and independent businesses.

But by fits and starts a coherent and highly successful strategy emerged for balancing regulation of market concentration and collusion. T o understand how this strategy worked, think of a control panel with three dials. The first dial regulated the amount of corporate concentration. After the mids, policymakers turned this dial up high, causing the federal regulators to become more aggressive in prosecuting actual or incipient corporate monopolies. By the s, antitrust regulators struck down one merger on the grounds that it would have led to a single company controlling a mere 5 percent of American retail shoe sales.

In cases where economies of scale or network effects made bigness inherently more efficient, such as in railroads, telecommunications, or electrical utilities, policymakers tolerated corporate monopolies but made them subject to strict regulation by agencies like the Interstate Commerce Commission or various state public utility commissions.

The second dial regulated collective action by employees. After the Clayton Act, wage and salary workers became subject to their own separate labor laws, apart from freelancers, independent contractors, and other kinds of self-employed workers. A prime example of how labor law enforced that distinction is the Wagner Act of , which gave private-sector employees, and not self-employed workers, the explicit right not only to organize into labor unions but also to engage in collective bargaining without fear of antitrust prosecution.

Over the next two generations, this second dial would sometimes get turned down a bit, but overall it remained at a setting that strongly favored collective action by employees into the s. The third dial regulated collective action among independent enterprises, including self-employed workers, family farmers, and sole proprietors. The fights that farmers waged to form cooperatives, and that small proprietors and professionals fought to form trade associations, are only poorly remembered today. But securing the right to associate played a major role in structuring the U.

An early formalization of this right was the Capper-Volstead Act of , which granted farmers, who then still made up a significant share of the U. Co-ops allowed dairy farmers, for instance, to coordinate the production of milk and vertically integrate into other dairy products in order to gain greater bargaining power with giant corporate food processors and distributors. Though most of these farmer co-ops have today been effectively captured by large financial interests, the Capper-Volstead Act is still on the books and could be reformed to serve its original purpose.

The third dial also regulated cooperative behavior among self-employed professionals, like doctors, and among independent proprietors, like store owners and artisans. These leaders included Edna Gleason , who in the s became the sole owner of three drug stores in Stockton, California, after her husband died.

The effect of this cooperation was to prevent the emergence of mega chain stores selling at below cost to drive out smaller rivals, as Walmart would later do. Fair trade laws also helped keep retail locally owned and competition focused on factors such as customer service and selection. But he also, as Brandeis biographer Gerald Berk chronicles, consistently championed the social and economic value of having a broad field of smaller competitors engaging in cooperative forms of capitalism.

One of the benefits of cooperation among competitors, Brandeis noted, was the ability to set standards. The experience of buying shoes is improved, for example, when shoemakers cooperate in using a common measure of shoe sizes. Disinterested and poorly informed questions posed by members of Congress have elicited opaque answers from Fed chairs.

This hearing was different. The questions were probing and informed, and Powell answered them with clarity. The theory goes that higher after-tax corporate profits are passed down to shareholders in the form of higher dividends. Higher dividends incentivize households to save more, or attract more savings from abroad. And this new capital stock gives workers more and better tools to work with, boosting their productivity, and eventually that increased productivity should boost wages. But the bottom-line linchpin for assessing if the TCJA is working as promised is the performance of investment.

We now have 18 months of data on investment since the passage of the TCJA, plenty of time for its increased incentives for private investment to have taken hold. In a previous post , we described the big picture behind our proposals. And in a recent report , we described the size of the spending and revenue increases in our budget, while paying particular attention to the details of our proposals for raising revenues and the reasoning behind them.

Today, Congress ended its legislative work for the summer. Members return to their districts after a busy week dominated by discussion of the Mueller report. While much of the focus of the th Congress has been on investigations of the Trump administration, the House of Representatives has passed several bills that would benefit working people.

This critical legislation would increase wages for over 33 million U. Workers in every congressional district in the country would benefit from this critical legislation. In March, the House passed the Paycheck Fairness Act , which would strengthen the Equal Pay Act of and guarantee that women can challenge pay discrimination and hold their employers accountable. Since the passage of the Equal Pay Act of , millions of women have joined the workforce. However, more than five decades later, women are still earning less than their male counterparts.

On average in , women were paid This gap is even larger for women of color, with black and Hispanic women being paid The Paycheck Fairness Act is crucial legislation in reducing these gender pay gaps and guaranteeing women receive equal pay for equal work. Last month, Senator Warren D-Mass. The legislation sets out to tackle the two-pronged problem with the current early care and education ECE system in the Unites States today: affordability and quality.

Current funding for the ECE system is insufficient because what parents can afford to pay is simply not enough to provide early educators with a fair wage and ensure high-quality care and education for young children. The lack of affordability for families has been well-documented.

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EPI has consolidated information from a variety of sources and crunched the numbers on affordability for each state into handy child care fact sheets. There, you can see just how hard it is for families to pay for ECE for one, let alone two children. In Arizona, the state with the median middle value of infant care costs across the nation, a typical family with children would have to pay 20 percent of their income for infant care.

The cost is more than one year of in-state tuition for a four-year public college and greatly exceeds the recommended affordability standard of 7 percent. The proposed legislation tackles affordability by setting limits on how much parents need to pay out of pocket for care. This payment structure recognizes that affordability issues persist in not just the poorest of families but many middle-income families as well.

We recently published a deep-dive into the professional development of teachers—strengths, shortcomings, places for improvement. What we found, in short, was reason for optimism on a few fronts, substantial room for improvement on a much larger number of aspects—and also room for learning more about these systems of supports. For one, because there is no set of supports deemed as ideal and universally valid in the field, because there is insufficient information about for whom, for what, and why these supports matter , and also because it is unlikely that lack of any specific resource or support can be a sole cause for expelling teachers from the classrooms or not attracting new ones to them or at least these are less clear than in prior reports.

The model warrants a closer look, not just because it casts doubt on Social Security expansion, but because some of its dubious assumptions can be used against almost any policy that raises progressive taxes to pay for programs tilted in favor of low- and moderate-income Americans. At the same time, the analysis forecasts the loss of around 1. There are good reasons not to take this prediction seriously, as I explain below. Overall, CBO found that low-wage workers as a group would benefit enormously from the minimum wage increase. The court orders were controversial and unpopular amongst almost all whites and many blacks, and yet: assemble a list of African Americans in their mid-to-late 50s or early 60s, and who are the most successful lawyers, political leaders, executives in the non-profit, corporate, and foundation sectors, or otherwise spread throughout the professional and managerial class, and you will find a disproportionate share were bused during the heyday of court-ordered school desegregation—roughly to Eaton interviewed 65 African Americans who, as children, took part in a voluntary busing program that transferred students from Boston public schools to white suburbs where family sizes were declining, leaving schools with empty seats.

On Friday, the release of Bureau of Labor Statistics BLS estimates of June job growth and unemployment will provide a first look at how the labor market has performed over the first half of the year. The unfortunate timing of the release for the Friday after the Independence Day holiday, however, means that EPI will have limited capacity to perform a full same-day analysis. But there are several things I will be tracking this Friday. However, there have been questions about whether the recent rise in the black unemployment rate is another potential sign of a slowing economy or just typical volatility in the data series.

Last month, the black unemployment rate ticked down 0. Over the same period of time, the white unemployment rate has remained relatively stable. Given that tighter labor markets have typically yielded disproportionate improvements for black workers and other historically disadvantaged groups, I will be tracking whether the June numbers provide any more clarity about what if any conclusions we can draw from the black unemployment rate.

A strong dollar is hurting American workers and main street manufacturers, as I explained last week in the New York Times. In order to rebalance U. This would help to address the trade deficits that have eliminated nearly 5 million good-paying American manufacturing jobs over the past two decades and some 90, factories. This week, Ruchir Sharma of Morgan Stanley trotted out a bunch of very shaggy dogs in defense of a strong currency.

But he never mentioned the real reason Wall Street loves a strong dollar. An overvalued greenback has enabled the cheap imports that fuel the massive profits of American giants ranging from Apple and Amazon to Costco and Walmart. And multinational corporations have used offshoring, and the threat of moving more plants abroad, to drive down U. Working Economics Blog. Tagged Income and wages. Tagged Poverty Inequality and Poverty. Posted September 25, at am by Heidi Shierholz.

Table 1. Share on Facebook Tweet this chart. Copy the code below to embed this chart on your website. Table 2. Tagged Overtime. Posted September 23, at am by Celine McNicholas. Tagged Unions and Labor Standards. Posted September 17, at pm by Pedro da Costa. Posted September 17, at am by Josh Bivens. Josh Bivens, director of research at EPI.

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Figure A. Chart Data Download data The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel. The data underlying the figure. Tagged Income and wages Race and Ethnicity Poverty. Nonelderly household incomes improve The Census data show that from to , inflation-adjusted median household income for nonelderly households those with a householder, or head of household, younger than 65 years old increased 1. What happened with incomes in recent years? Tagged Income and wages Race and Ethnicity Wages. Posted September 5, at pm by Elise Gould. Tagged Unemployment Jobs and Unemployment Wages.

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Posted August 29, at am by David Cooper. Tagged Minimum wage. Posted August 28, at pm by Jane Flanagan. Posted August 22, at pm by Heidi Shierholz. Tagged Education Teacher pay Educational inequity Teacher shortages. Tagged Regulation. Posted August 1, at am by Elise Gould. Tagged Jobs and Unemployment. Posted July 30, at pm by Josh Bivens.

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